Types of Crystal Structure and How Crystals are formed? Crystal and Mineral Identification

What are types of Crystal Structure and how crystals are formed? 

Would you like to explore how Crystal Structures are formed? How can one precisely define a natural earthly mined crystals? Understanding this will greatly help you in identifying the natural minerals and gemstones. Each mineral and gemstone possesses a unique crystal structure, characterized by specific arrangements of ions, molecules, and atoms within. It is this precise arrangement and shape of ions and molecules that imparts a distinctive structure to every gemstone and mineral. 

Extensive research efforts have been dedicated to gather data for analyzing the crystal structures of minerals. Scientists and researchers have meticulously defined these crystal structures of gemstones and minerals as follows:

  1. Crystals by Shape or grouped by Lattices
  2. Recognition of crystals by Properties

Natural Crystals grouped by Lattices

1-The form of crystals or their arrangement within lattices.

In Lattices group of crystals, for identifying the crystals , the researchers have highlighted the 7 different crystalline  structures as mentioned below

  1. Tetragonal: This crystal structure bears resemblance to the cubic structure, yet its axes are longer. In the tetragonal system, three axes intersect at 90-degree angles. Despite having a square base, the height of these crystals exceeds the axis length. They commonly form double pyramids and prisms.
    TetragonalTetragonal crystal structure
  2. Cubic or Isometric: They have sometime octahedrons having 8 faces and some times dodecahedrons having 10 faces. Examples are flourite, pyrite. Checkout Cubic crystal structure stones 
     Cubic crystal structure
  3. Orthorhombic: These crystals resemble the Tetragonal system but differ in that they do not have a square cross-section. Instead, they form rhombic prisms and dipyramids. Aragonite , topaz is example. 
    Orthorhombic crystal structureBuy rough Katlang Topaz crystal for collection
  4. Hexagonal: When These crystals will have 6 sided prism and hexagon. Beryl is an example. Other examples are EmeraldsCheck out here Hexgonal structured crystals or gemstones
    Hexagonal Crystal Structure  
  5. Trigonal: These have single 3 gold axis of rotation instead 6 fold like hexagonal division.abhurite, alpha-quartz is an example. 
    Trigonal crystal structure
  6. Triclinic: These crystals do not come in a symmetrical form which leads t strangers shaed. Axinite, kynite is an example. 
    Triclinic crystal structure
     axinite stones
  7. Monoclinic: Like These crystals usually work prisms and double pyramids. Examples are gypsum, orthoclase, muscovite, clinoamphibole, clinopyroxene, jadeite, azurite, and spodumene
    Monoclinic crystal structures

Crystals Grouped by Properties

There are 4 different crystal categories according to their chemical and physical properties.

  1. Covalent Crystals: A covalent crystal will have strong covalent bond between all atoms. Covalent crystal can be called as a big molecule. Such Crystals are melt on very ugh melting points. Examples are diamond, zircon
  1. Metallic Crystals: This is very interesting. In the crystal structure,  metal atoms of crystals lays on lattice sites.outer electrons flour outside the latice. Metallic crystals are dense and also having high melting points.  Like Bismuth 
    Metallic crystals
    Metallic crystals structure
  2. Ionic Crystals: The atoms of ionic crystals are bound together by ionic bonds. Such crystals are very hard. They also have a high melting points. 
    Ionic crystal structure
  3. Molecular Crystals: These crystals are held together by non covalent interactions like hydrogen bonding. recognizable molecules within their structures. Such crystals are usually soft and having low melting point. Table sugar is an example. 

These data is based on researches made by researchers. There is no definite rule to define crystals. As new Gemstones and minerals appear in different regions with more complex crystal structure. Than new rules are to be decided. However already researched can help us in recognizing gems and minerals.

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