Peridots: Olivine Mineral Group Member are Created in Mantle

From Volcanic Rock Origins to Green Olivine: Unveiling the Tale of the Peridot Stone

What is Green Olivine?

Green rocky volcanic Olivine is referred to a mineral group which is commonly found in igneous rocks such  as dunite, diabase, peridotite, gabbro, and basalt. Exhibiting a lush green hue, these olivine minerals posses a composition ranging between between Mg2SiO4 and Fe2SiO4. One of the well-known gemstones derived from Olivine rocks is referred to as green peridot.

Geological Presence of Olivine | Peridot Stones 

Frequently, olivine mineral group or stones are encountered within dark-colored igneous rocks. Olivine stones undergo crystalization with plagioclase and pyroxene, contributing to the formation of basalt. These types of rocks are typically located in regions of high geothermal hot activity within the tectonic plates of the Earth.

Comparatively with other minerals, Olivine stands out within high temperature where it forms its crystal structure. This mineral is crystallised from Magma. While the magma cools down, olivine crystals tend to form. Lastly, it settles itself within magma chamber's base due to their notably higher density. 

It is notable factor about olivine minerals found in Pakistan that it is one of the top place in Kohistan region of Pakistan where mantel on earth is very close. Pakistan Peridots are extracted from the mountains of Kohistan Valley. Many labs have done research work regarding findings of peridots in the Kohistan region. Pakistan is located Tectonically in the region of intersection of three plates which are Indian, Eurasian and Arabian sea plate

Chemical composition of Peridots

In reality, peridot, with its alluring hues ranging from olive to lime-green, is a member of the olivine mineral family. The main constituents of this gem are [(Mg,Fe)2SiO4]. magnesium and iron silicate. Peridot's spectrum of green is due to the different ratios of these components inside the crystal structure. 

Types of Olivine Mineral Group


Mineral Type

Chemical Composition of Minerals











Peridots: Olivine Mineral Group Member are Created in Mantle

But the distinctive history of Peridot is what sets it apart. Peridot is created in the upper mantle and is subsequently forced to the surface by volcanic activity, in contrast to many other gemstones that grow deep inside the Earth's crust or mantle. It can be found nestled in basalts, which are volcanic rocks, or even in deposits created when these rocks erode over time. The unique creation process of peridot is what makes it less rare than certain other valuable stones. 

Extraterrestrial Olivine Unveiled

The existence of olivine mineral has also been confirmed in a remarkable array of stony-iron meteorites. These meteorites are said to have taken from a rocky mantle of the plane.

This planet may have once occupied an orbital space between Mars and Jupiter. Alternatively, they might have come from a considerable size of asteroid comprising a different internal structure based on a a metallic core and rocky mantle.

Pallasites are known to represent the region of asteroid or a planet which may be situated very close to the core and mantle boundaries. The boundary is the exact point where a rocky material from the mantle mingles itself with the core's metallic components. Pallasites usually shows distinct olivine crystals (often called fayalite are encircled by nickle iron metrix. 

Inclusions in Peridot Stones

Beyond its deep green hue, peridot frequently exhibits alluring inclusions and fascinating occurrences. Some peridots include minute mineral inclusions that look somewhat like "lily pads," giving them their moniker for having a watery appearance. Additionally, certain peridots can display a unique property known as "double refraction," which causes light to divide into two beams as it passes through the stone, producing an intriguing doubling effect. 



Peridots Vs Emeralds

Due to its green colour, peridot was occasionally confused for emerald in the past. People frequently referred to it as the "gem of the sun," thinking that it had healing and benevolent properties. It was linked to positive traits including serenity, achievement, and luck. 


Color Forming of Peridot Stones

How gemstone colors take form? This is a question asked by geology and gemology students. Lets discuss about peridot taking its color. Peridot's alluring colour and distinctive characteristics are caused by the chemistry present in its chemical makeup I.e. including iron and mangesium. Green color depends on the presence of type and amount of iron present in the peridot. It is the Ferrous iron (FeO) that is creating the green color. Whereas ferric iron (Fe2O3) is responsible for giving pale shades in the green color.


Peridot Stone as Birthstone of August 

Peridot, the birthstone for August, is attractive due to its vivid green colour, historical significance, and inspiring meaning. Peridot has been prized and revered for centuries, representing the vigour and plenty of summer in all its forms. One should peel back the layers of the Earth's geological processes and admiring the beautiful beauty concealed inside as we continue to discover the mysteries of birthstones like peridots. Peridot is an homage to the allure of gemstones and the tales they tell, whether we see it as a scientific marvel or a timeless decoration. 

Peridot continues to serve as a reminder of the beauty of nature and the enduring fascination of gemstones as it adorns jewellery and amulets all over the world.

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